OPERATION CORDITE– SUDAN
The current force deployment under Operation Cordite in Sudan is 809 South
The AU mission was terminated in December 2007 when it was integrated into the United Nations mission to form the UN African Mission in Darfur (UNAMID) in January 2008. it was the first African Union-United Nations hybrid mission. An Infantry Protection Company and an Explosive Ordinance Disposal Unit were added to the deployment, which was increased further in February 2005. It was during the deployment of Operation AMIS that the government of Sudan and the two leading rebel groups, the Justice and Equality Movement and the Sudanese Liberation Army, signed two short-term peace agreements with an objective of fast-tracking the end of the conflict.
The mandate for AMIS was extended repeatedly in 2006 while the United Nations' Security Council was grappling with details of the deployment of a UN mission. In 2010 Operation Cordite committed a 611-strong infantry battalion, 12 staff officers and 13 military observers to assist with confidence building in the Sudanese military. It was on 1his deployment that four South African peacekeepers were kidnapped in April 2011 but later released without a ransom.
Operation Cordite made an immense contribution to the successful referendum on the future of Sudan, which resulted in the peaceful division of the country into two: Sudan and South Sudan. Additional South African soldiers were sent to Juba, the capital of the new country, South Sudan, to assist with security for the independence celebrations in July 2011. In addition to this, South Africa also helped secure the air space for the duration of the celebrations. South Africa also trained police, prison officials and air traffic controllers: currently stationed at Juba International Airport
South Africa maintains its presence in Sudan despite the successful cessation because the security situation in Darfur is yet to be stabilised and Sudan and South Sudan are yet to reach In agreement on several issues pertaining to land and assets. South African Ambassador to the United Nations, Baso Sangqu said: “every effort must be employed to ensure that peace and stability is advanced and to help the people of Darfur "move rapidly toward peace”
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